The titanic terrapin, Gamera.

Exploring themes of greed and its terrible consequences, Gamera vs. Barugon is an entertaining, if sometimes slow, Gamera outing. Perhaps the best of the original Showa run of Gamera films, Gamera vs. Barugon mixes interesting human drama with a menacing lizard monstrosity, and marks Gamera’s first colour appearance.  

The scheming Onodera (Kōji Fujiyama), oblivious Keisuke (Kojiro Hongo), and chipper Kawajiri (Yuzo Hayakawa) are sent by a World War II veteran to an island in the South Pacific to retrieve a large opal hidden during the war. After venturing into the ‘valley of rainbows’ (called so and feared by the island natives) Onodera lets Kawajiri die and leaves Keisuke for dead. Onodera then takes the opal and returns to Japan. Keisuke wakes to find he’s been taken care of by Karen (Kyoko Enami), an island native. En route to Japan, Onodera accidentally exposes the opal to infrared rays, exacerbating the growth of the organism within: Barugon. Karen and Keisuke return to Japan, armed with knowledge that could help stop the now-giant lizard.  

The film’s depiction of greed is a little two-dimensionalKoji Fujiyama’s Onodera is very straightforward in his self-serving ways. However, what works is that the film leans into that presentation, and creates a genuinely unlikeable antagonist in the process. When Onodera accidentally blurts out to the WWII veteran that he killed Kawajira and Keisuke, he murders both the veteran and the veteran’s wife. The short brawl the two men have before Onodera kills them is devoid of humour, especially when Onodera hits the veteran’s wife in a stark moment. Scenes like this may not round out the character, but they succeed in eliciting an emotional response to such wickedness.  

Keisuke (in the back), Kawajiri (middle). and the scheming Onodera.

What’s unique here is that one of the main protagonists is part of the depiction of greed. Unlike Toho’s Mothra (1961) or Mothra vs. Godzilla (1964), wherein the main characters stand clearly opposed to the greed around them, Gamera vs. Barugon presents us with a lead (Keisuke) who shares culpability for the arrival of the monster, Barugon 

What Gamera vs. Barugon has therefore, is an interesting look at guilt and shame. These emotions define Keisuke’s actions for the rest of the film. In turn, they make him a more interesting character, one who feels the weight of the destruction Barugon brings. The whole film carries emotional material with a respectable maturity. A quiet moment wherein Keisuke looks over a photo of the deceased Kawajiri’s wife and child is markedly upsetting. This character perspective makes Keisuke unique, his guilt stirring him to action, and to realise his redemption. 

Whilst the film doesn’t labour over it, it can be read as a commentary on colonialism. One of Mothra’s greatest strengths is its commentary on the evils of colonialist intentions and of nature reasserting itself over man’s feeble greed. Gamera vs. Barugon sometimes comes close and Keisuke’s group evokes this when they cast aside native customs in search of the opal. Eager to take from the valley of rainbows, their defiance of the natives’ warnings frames their eventual hubris. But whereas Mothra manages this assertively because its chief villain, Clark Nelson, is more tightly woven to the monster threat, Barugon fails to fully realise its commentary. Barugon’s chief human antagonist, Onodera, isn’t directly connected to Barugon in the way that Nelson’s actions directly correspond to Mothra’s rampage. Whilst Onodera holds the most responsibility for Barugon’s birth, he is less important to the story once Barugon is loose. Had Onodera’s actions directly correlated to the monster’s throughout, as in Mothra, the commentary on colonialism could have made for a more sustained thread. Only at his end does Onodera directly influence the monster again 

An air of cynicism and bleakness pervades much of the film, best illustrated in a scene in a shelter in Osaka as Barugon ravages the city above. Tranquil koto music on the radio juxtaposes the terrified faces of mothers grasping their children. A man’s casual gripe about “another atomic bomb” is stark. This is on top of a range of characters whose motives are grimly self-serving.  

Civilians in Osaka’s shelters as Barugon rampages above.

The monster battles are a mixed bag. Gamera and Barugon’s first encounter in Osaka is dreadfully slow. The two beasts roar and scream at one another but never really engage in combat; running like a battle from the 90s Godzilla outings. However, the climactic battle at Lake Biwa is very exciting. Gamera and Barugon throw each other around, and one particular shot of Barugon smashing into a bridge truly makes you believe in the veracity of their brawl.  

Gamera looks great in this film. With a permanent scowl, Gamera genuinely looks as if he hates Barugon, adding delicious excitement to the beasts’ encounters. Barugon’s design is simple in construction. He is, for all intents and purposes, a large lizard. But it’s the ingenious choices made with Barugon’s powers that truly make him a worthy foe for the titanic terrapin. From his back, Barugon can launch a rainbow death ray, obliterating all it touches. From his mouth, Barugon’s tongue extends to spray a jet of ice, freezing all before it. These powers and their use in the film come almost entirely without warning, raising the stakes in a surprising fashion.  

Barugon fires his rainbow death ray.

The film maintains a slow pace throughout, and it’s one of its key detractors. The human drama and the monster sequences are engaging, but they become stifled after Barugon appears because the film indulges in military meetings discussing plans to stop the beast. Whilst this eventually means we’re treated to some great sequences, such as when Barugon destroys several missiles using his rainbow death ray, these preceding scenes can become tedious.  

Whilst elements such as its pace can detract, Gamera vs. Barugon presents an entertaining story with interesting themes. Some of its characters may be thinly constructed in their motives and morality, but that also allows the film to really embellish just how cruel and villainous they are. The monster sequences are mostly very engaging, and that the film’s human drama matches their quality is great. The remainder of Gamera’s Showa outings would develop to entertain children first and foremost, and the grim tone of Barugon wouldn’t be seen again until the series’ reboot in the 1990s. That said, Gamera vs. Barugon deserves another look, the tonal black sheep of the Showa Gamera era. 

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Deputy Editor for Our Culture Mag